LIGHT

LIGHT, A FORM OF ARCHITECTURE.

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“Light, a form of architecture’’

In the world of architecture and design, light isn’t just a physical and natural phenomenon, but it’s also the medium through which we perceive volumes, the technical features and the beauty of rooms. An element that goes well beyond its technical function to become a notion, form, and a philosophy even.

From a technical standpoint, light in architecture is an essential design element; it creates movement and lights up rooms. Le Corbusier also believed this: “Architecture is the learned game, correct and magnificent, of forms assembled in the light.” A natural and technical tool that reveals the essence of spaces, and clarifies their intents without ambiguity.

LIGHT

However, light is an even deeper concept. According to the metaphysics of light, created in 1916 by Clemes Bauemker, it constitutes the essential ontological “principle” of everything, be it animated or inanimate. In other words, it is the very prerequisite of creation.

In architecture, it is the first tangible substance to which one refers when designing. It steers the layout of spaces, the choice of materials, and the colour rendering of environments.

But above all, it provides a basis on which the project comes to life, i.e. emotion. It’s the architect’s duty to measure out its expert use to create multi-faceted atmospheres that merge narrations of sensations, in addition to images, colours, and textures. Regardless of the asset in question, whether it is a retail or rebranding project, or a new neighbourhood to be upgraded, light has the power to convey the identity of a space and to steer the actions of whoever lives there in the best possible way.

And exactly thanks to it, the purpose of an entire project turns into a visual message.

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To obtain a perfect balance between architectural design and lighting design, three key aspects need to be analysed: aesthetics, function, and performance. The technical aspects pertain to studying lighting and its relation to the client. We need to understand how light is distributed throughout the space and how it communicates with the chosen materials, volumes, colours, and dimensions, but also how it connects with human needs. Its strategic and avant-garde use has a significant impact on the well-being of people. For example, through home automation lighting, we can create rooms that adapt in real time to people’s needs, regulating the light’s intensity and colour based on the time of day and seasons, and on intended use. Thus, we can increase short-term visual comfort and positively affect circadian rhythms to improve mood and productivity. In addition, integrating the use of natural light instead of artificial lighting by opening up spaces connected to the outside does not only reduce energy consumption, but also fosters a connection with nature, creating greener and healthier spaces. A holistic approach that helps improve people’s quality of life inside the constructed space, promoting their physical and psychological well-being.

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